I recently heard a story about a famous scientist who had made several very important medical breakthroughs（突破）. He was being interviewed by a reporter who asked him he thought he was able to be so much more than the average person.
He responded that it all came from a(n) with his mother that occurred when he was about 2. He had been trying to milk from the fridge when he the slippery(光滑的) bottle, its contents running all over the kitchen floor.
When his mother came in, shouting at him or giving him a lecture, she said, “Robert, what a great and wonderful you have made! I have seen such a huge pool of milk. Well, the damage has already been . Would you like to get down and in the milk for a few minutes before we clean it up?”
Indeed, he did. After a few minutes, his mother said, “Robert, whenever you make a mess like this, eventually you have to restore everything to its proper order. So, how would you like to do that? We could use a sponge(海绵), a towel or a mop. Which do you prefer?” He chose the sponge.
His mother then said, “ You know, what we have here is a experiment in how to effectively carry a big milk bottle with two hands. Let’s go out in the back yard and fill the bottle with water and see if you can .” The little boy learned that if he the bottle at the top near the lip with both hands, he could carry it without dropping it. What a wonderful !
This scientist then said that it was at that moment that he knew he didn’t need to be to make mistakes. Instead, he learned that mistakes were just for learning something new, which is, , what scientific experiments are all about. Even if the experiment “doesn’t ,” we usually learn something from it.
1.A. whyB. what C. when D. how
2.A. capableB. able C. creative D. original
3.A. coincidence B. experience C. incident D. conflict
4.A. carryB. bringC. removeD. fetch
5.A. fell B. lostC. escapedD. dropped
6.A. rather than B. instead of C. other thanD. in place of
7.A. pictureB. mass C. map D. mess
8.A. rarely B. happily C. frequently D. angrily
9.A. gotB. suffered C. done D. received
10.A. jumpB. play C. enjoyD. lay
11.A. failed B. successful C. fantastic D. painful
12.A. strongB. tiny C. thin D. weak
13.A. get itB. put itC. try itD. make it
14.A. controlled B. possessed C. occupied D. grasped
15.A. exampleB. teachingC. lesson D. instruction
16.A. anxious B. nervous C. fearful D. afraid
17.A. situationsB. opportunitiesC. occasions D. turns
18.A. after allB. above all C. first of allD. in all
19.A. doB. finish C. go D. work
20.A. worthyB. costly C. valuableD. interesting
1.考查动词辨析和对语境的理解。A. why为什么；B. what什么；C. when什么时候；D. how如何。代入四个选项可知，（why）为什么他比别人更有创造力？故选A。
2.考查形容词辨析和对语境的理解。 第一句话说了他由几项医学突破。这应该是一种创造力。A. capable胜任的；B. able能；C. creative有创造力的；D. original最初的，原始的。故选C。
3.考查名词辨析和对语境的理解。根据后面科学家的一段经历。A. coincidence巧合；B. experience经历；C. incident事件； D. conflict冲突。故选B。
4.考查动词辨析和对语境的理解。A. carry携带；B. bring带来；C. remove移动；D. fetch取来。remove…from是固定搭配，意思是：从……地方拿走/移开。故选C。
5.考查名词辨析和对语境的理解。A. fell 掉下，摔倒；B. lost失败，丢失；C. escaped逃脱； D. dropped掉下。drop与fall两者都可表示“掉”、“落”，区别如下：1. 表示从高处往下掉或降，两者有时可互换。如：
The temperature has dropped [fell]. 气温降低了。He dropped [fell] from the top of the building. 他从屋顶掉了下来。2. fall 表示“落下”，多指无意识的行为，有自然坠落之意，且通常是不及物动词;drop 既可指无意的行为，即表示“落下”(不及物)，也可指有意的行为，即表示“投下”(及物)。如：Rain began to drop [fall]. 开始下起雨来。Drop the hammar down to me. 把锤子扔下来给我。后面也有he could carry it without dropping it.提示他把瓶子掉地下了。故选D。
6.考查名词辨析和对语境的理解。妈妈没有因为牛奶瓶掉了，牛奶撒了一地而对他喊叫或者讲一番道理。 A. rather than 而不是；B. instead of代替…的是；C. other than除了，不同于；D. in place of一种物质替代另一种物质。instead of相当于一个介词，所以后面跟名词/动名词/代词等名词性的成分，但是rather than更多被视为一个并列连词，其后面的成分在性质和形式上必须和rather than前面并列的成分保持一致。 如： 1）He went shopping instead of going swimming yesterday. of是介词，所以用动名词going. 2）He wants to play soccer rather than (to) play basketball. rather than后面的不定式to play basketball必须和与其并列的to play soccer保持形式一致，故选B。
7.考查名词辨析和对语境的理解。A. picture照片；B. mass团、块；C. map地图；D. mess脏乱，混乱。你弄得可真够乱的。下文妈妈提到make a mess。make a mess是固定搭配，意思是：搞得乱七八糟。故选D。
8.考查副词辨析和对语境的理解。A. rarely少见；B. happily高兴地；C. frequently经常地；D. angrily生气地。我很少见到这么一大滩牛奶。故选A。
9.考查动词辨析和对语境的理解。 既然已经这样了。A. got得到、明白；B. suffered遭受；C. done做；D. received收到。do damage是固定搭配，损害。这里用了被动形式。故选C。
10.考查动词辨析和对语境的理解。你愿意玩一会然后再收拾干净吗？A. jump跳；B. play玩；C. enjoy喜欢；D. lay位于、躺。get down and play 相当于get down to playing。故选B。
11.考查形容词辨析和对语境的理解。他把奶瓶掉在地上，所以应该说是一次失败的经历。A. failed已失败的；B. successful成功的；C. fantastic不可思议的；D. painful痛苦的。故选A。
12.考查形容词辨析和对语境的理解。前文提到他当时只有2岁，所以他的手应该是小的。A. strong强壮的；B. tiny小的；C. thin薄的，瘦的。D. weak弱的。故选B。
13.考查动词短语辨析和对语境的理解。句意应该是：咱们到院子里，把瓶子里装满水，看看你能不能做好。A. get it明白了；B. put it放；C. try it试试看；D. make it成功。故选D。
14.考查动词辨析和对语境的理解。 小男孩学会了如果他两只手抓住上边靠边的地方，他就可以抓住不掉了。A. controlled控制；B. possessed拥有；C. occupied占有；D. grasped掌握，抓住。故选D。
15.考查名词辨析和对语境的理解。通过自己亲手做让孩子知道怎么做，这一课上得很精彩。A. example例子；B. teaching教学；C. lesson课，教训；D. instruction命令，指示。故选C。
16.考查形容词辨析和对语境的理解。科学家在那一刻也知道了：他不必害怕犯错误。A. anxious焦虑的；B. nervous紧张的；C. fearful可怕的；D. afraid害怕的。固定短语be afraid to do不敢做。故选D。
17.考查名词辨析和对语境的理解。他懂得了错误只是他学习新东西机会。 A. situations局面；B. opportunities机会；C. occasions机会；D. turns转弯。故选B。
18.考查短语辨析和对语境的理解。A. after all毕竟、终究；B. above all最重要的是；C. first of all首先，第一；D. in all总共，合计。通过以上的经历，科学家的感受是：科学实验终究是试验一个又一个的错误。故选A。
19.考查动词辨析和对语境的理解。即使实验不成功，我们也可以学到有价值的东西。A. do做；B. finish完成；C. go去；D. work工作，起作用。故选D。
20.考查形容词辨析和对语境的理解。即使实验不成功，我们也可以学到有价值的东西。A. worthy值得的；B. costly昂贵的；C. valuable贵重的；D. interesting有趣的。故选C。
People in the United States honor their parents with two special days: Mother’s Day, on the second Sunday in May, and Father’s Day, on the third Sunday in June.
Mother’s Day was proclaimed宣告 a day for national observance by President Woodrow Wilson in 1915. Ann Jarvis from Grafton, West Virginia, had started the idea to have a day to honor mothers. She was the one who chose the second Sunday in May and also began the custom of wearing a carnation康乃馨.
In 1909, Mrs. Dodd from Spokane, Washington, thought of the idea of a day to honor fathers. She wanted to honor her own father, William Smart. After her mother died, he had the responsibility of raising a family of five sons and a daughter. In 1910，the first Father’s Day was observed in Spokane. Senator Margaret Chase Smith helped to established Father’s Day as a national commemorative纪念的 day in 1972.
These days are set aside to show love and respect for parents. They raise their children and educate them to be responsible citizens. They give love and care.
These two special days are celebrated in many different ways. On Mother’s Day people wear carnations. A red one symbolizes a living mother. A white one shows that the mother is dead.Many people attend religious services to honor parents. It is also a day when people whose parents are dead visit the cemetery. On these days families get together at home, as well as in restaurants. They often have outdoor barbecues for Father’s Day. These are days of fun and good feelings and memories.
According to the passage, which of the following about the second Sunday in May is not true ?
- A.It is a day to show love to mothers
- B.It is a day to wear carnations
- C.It is a day for people to visit the cemetery
- D.It is a day for many people to attend religious services
Choose the right time order of the following events.
a. The first Father’s Day was observed
b. Mother’s Day was proclaimed a day for national observance
c. Father’s Day became a day for national observance.
d. The idea of honoring fathers was bought up
- A.a b c d
- B.d a b c
- C.b a c d
- D.d a c b
Who plays the most important role in Father’s Day becoming a national commemorative day?
- A.Mrs. Do
- B.Margaret Chase Smith
- C.Ann Jarvis
- D.Woodrow Wilson
From the passage, we know in the U.S ________________.
- A.one should wear a red carnation if one’s mother pass away
- B.on Mother’s Day, families often go out to have barbecues
- C.on Father’s Day, people often stay at home to celebrate the special day.
- D.The purpose to have these two special days is to show love to parents
The author’s purpose of writing this passage is to __________
- A.call on people to love and respect their parents.
- B.introduce Mother’s Day and Father’s Day.
- C.tell the difference between Mother’s Day and Father’s Day
- D.show how important fathers and mothers are
3.推理判断题, 从第三自然段最后一句话Senator Margaret Chase Smith helped to established Father’s Day as a national commemorative day, in 1972. 看出：是参议员史密斯于1972年帮助把父亲节推广为全国性节日的。
4.推理判断题, 第一自然段就提到People in the United States honor their parents with two special days: Mother’s Day’s, on the second Sunday in May, and Father’s Day, on the third Sunday in June.表明美国人民以两个特殊的日子向父母表示敬意,这便是每年五月第二个星期日的母亲节和六月第三个星期日父亲节。
5.主旨大意题, 写这篇文章的目的是介绍母亲节和父亲节。 <