Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle (能量周期).
During the hours when you labour through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why it is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as : “Get up, John! You’ll be later for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature and energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam (振作精神) and work better at your low point.
Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn (呵欠) and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine (例行的) work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.
1.If a person finds getting up early a problem most probably ________.
A. he is a lazy person
B. he refuses to follow his own energy cycle
C. he is not sure when his energy is low
D. he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening
2.Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
A. Unawareness of the energy cycles.
B. Familiar monologues.
C. A change in a family member’s energy cycle.
D. Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.
3.If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should ________.
A. change his energy cycle
B. overcome his laziness
C. get up earlier than usual
D. go to bed earlier
4.You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will ________.
A. help to keep your energy for the day’s work
B. help you to control your temper early in the day
C. enable you to concentrate on your routine work
D. keep your energy cycle under control all day
1.“Get up, John! You’ll be later for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature and energy peak in the evening.”可知，对John赖床的解释可能是他的能量在（前天）晚上达到了顶峰，在根据第二段“For others it comes in the afternoon or evening.”可知，身体能量在下午或晚上达到顶峰的人，第二天容易赖床，故选D。
2.Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean”可知，当夫妻双方都认识到什么是能量周期时，大量的争吵就能够避免，故选A。
3.If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour.”可知，如果第二天有重要的事情需要做但是正处于能量周期的最低点，可以通过比平时起得更早的方法来提高效率，故选C。
4.Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn (呵欠) and stretch.”可知，起床时候的动作要慢，打呵欠、伸懒腰，这些能够帮助你节省能量，故选A。
The Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman on Thursday urged Japan to stop making irresponsible________on the incident in waters off the Diaoyu Islands.
【解析】考查名词辨析。句意为：这个外交部女发言人周四敦促日本停止对在钓鱼岛海域所发生的事件的不负责任的评论。make comments on对……进行评论。