On the island of New Zealand, there is a grasshopper-like species of insect that is found nowhere else on earth. New Zealanders have given it the nickname weta, which is a native Maori word meaning “god of bad looks”. It’s easy to see why anyone would call this insect a bad-looking bug. Most people feel disgusted at the sight of these bulky(笨重的)，slow-moving creatures.
Wetas are natural creatures; they come out of their caves and holes only after dark. A gaint weta can grow to over three inches long and weigh as much as 1.5 ounces. Giant wetas can hop up to two feet at a time. Some of them live in trees, and others live in caves. They are very long-lived for insects, and some adult wetas can live as long as two years. Just like their cousins grasshoppers and crickets, wetas are able to “sing” by rubbing their leg parts together, or against their lower bodies.
Most people probably don’t feel sympathy for these endangered creatures, but they do need protecting. The slow and clumsy wetas have been around on the island since the times of the dinosaurs, and have evolved and survived in an environment where they had no enemies until rats came to the island with European immigrants. Since rats love to hunt and eat wetas, the rat population on the island has grown into a real problem for many of the native species that are unaccustomed to its presence, and poses a serious threat to the native weta population.
1..According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
The weta is a newly discovered insect species.
The Maoris nicknamed themselves “Wetas”.
The Europeans brought wetas to New Zealand.
Wetas are unpleasant to the eye.
2..The strange thing about wetas is that they can produce pleasant sounds by ________.
A. rubbing their body parts
B. moving slowly on the ground
C. hopping up to two feel at a time
D. coming out only at night
3.Which of the following descriptions of wetas is accurate?
A. They are quick in movement.
B. They are decreasing in number.
C. They are very active in the daytime.
D. They have a short lifespan for insects.
4.The underlined word “its” in the last paragraph is the closest in meaning to “_________”.
A. The dinosaur’s B. The weta’s C. The island’s D. The rat’s
5.From which of the following is the passage LEAST likely to be taken?
A. A science magazine. B. A travel guide.
C. A business journal. D. biology textbook.
1. 细节理解题。根据文章首段末句It’s easy to see why anyone would call this insect a bad-looking bug. Most people feel disgusted at the sight of these bulky，slow-moving creatures.可知这种昆虫很难看，选D。
2. 细节理解题。根据文章第二段中wetas are able to “sing” by rubbing their leg parts together, or against their lower bodies.可知选A。
3. 细节理解题。从文章末段Since rats love to hunt and eat wetas, …… and poses a serious threat to the native weta population.可知这种昆虫数量在减少，选B。
4. 词义推断题。从前句内容the rat population on the island has grown into a real problem可知老鼠的存在威胁到了岛上其他的物种，its指老鼠，选D。
If you want to stand out，there is no alternative but hard work.
Once a boy in____clothes full of patches ran to ask a successful building contractor (承包商) in a construction site，“How could I become as ____as you when I grow up？”
With a___at the boy，the contractor replied，“There is a story about three diggers.The first digger liked holding a spade without doing anything but saying that he wanted to be a(n) ____in the future.The second always liked____about the work and his low____.The third digger liked____devoting himself to digging.Later，the first was still holding his spade in the___place and the second took an excuse for early____.Only the third became a boss.Do you understand the ____of this story？Just go to buy a____shirt and work hard.”
The little boy was____.So he asked the contractor to explain further.____the working builders，the contractor replied，“Look at my workers！I can’t remember all their names，and even I have no____of some of them.Most of them wear blue shirts.But if you look____，you will notice a sunburned man in red.He seems to be working harder than others.He is always the first one to work while the last one to leave.It is exactly his red shirt that makes him____.Soon he will be____to my assistant.You know，that is also how I got_____I am now.I worked hard and wore a striped shirt.My boss ____me.I also became a boss eventually.”
Success can only____action.Working hard is all winners’ shared experience for achieving their dreams.
C．development D． payment
13.A.Speaking to B．Referring to
C．Coming to D．Pointing to
16.A.stand out B．work out
C．turn out D．give out
20.A.bring about B．lead to
C．result from D．get into
1.解析： 根据空后的“full of patches”可知，这里表示一个“衣衫褴褛的”男孩儿。
4.4】解析： 下文的“became a boss”是线索提示。
13.3】解析： 根据后文的“Look at my workers！”可知，当时承包商是“指向”那些在干活的建筑工人们。
20.20】解析： result from…因……产生，由……造成，符合语境。